(code name for development is Whistler; internal version is Windows NT 5.1) is the operating system of the Windows NT family of Microsoft Corporation. Is the development of Windows 2000 Professional. The name XP comes from the English. experience. This operating system is the most popular - at the end of August 2010 its share is 53.1%.
Unlike the previous Windows 2000 system, which was supplied both in the server and in client versions, Windows XP is exclusively by the client system. Its server analogue is Windows Server 2003. Although Windows Server 2003 is built on the basis of the same code as Windows XP, almost entirely inheriting its user part interface, Windows Server 2003 still uses a newer and recycled version of NT 5.2 kernel; The later Windows XP Professional X64 Edition had the same kernel as Windows Server 2003 and received the same security updates, as a result of which it was possible to say that their development was "parallel".
Release date - October 25, 2001. Support has been discontinued since April 14, 2009 (paid ended April 8, 2014).
Variants of issues
Windows XP was released in many versions:
Windows XP Professional Edition was designed for businesses and entrepreneurs and includes features such as remote access to a computerвЂ™s desktop, file encryption (using the Encrypting File System), central access control and support for multiprocessor systems.
Windows XP Home Edition - a system for home use. Available as an inexpensive вЂњtrimmedвЂќ version of the Professional Edition, but based on the same core.
Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is based on the Professional Edition and contains special applications optimized for stylus data entry on Tablet PCs. The most important feature is the understanding of texts written by hand and the adaptation of the graphical interface to the rotation of the display. This version is sold only with the corresponding computer.
Windows XP Media Center Edition is based on the Professional Edition and contains special multimedia applications. The computer is usually equipped with a TV card and a remote control (RC). The most important feature is the ability to connect to a TV and control a computer through the remote control thanks to a simplified Windows management system. This system also contains functions for receiving VHF radio.
Windows XP Embedded is an embedded component operating system based on Windows XP Professional Edition and is intended for use in various embedded systems: industrial automation systems, ATMs, medical devices, cash terminals, slot machines, VoIP components, etc. Windows XP Embedded Includes additional embedded functions, among which the recording protection filter (EWF and FBWF), loading from flash memory, CD-ROM, network, using its own system shell, etc.
Windows Embedded for Point of Service is a specialized operating system based on Windows XP Embedded, configured for service points and optimized for retail and service industries. On the basis of this platform, you can create an ATM, payment terminal, gas station, cash register, etc. In addition, Windows Embedded for Point of Service includes POS for .NET technology for rapid development of trade applications and support for commercial peripheral equipment.
Windows XP Professional X64 Edition is a special 64-bit version designed for processors with AMD64 Opteron and Athlon 64 technology from AMD and processors with EM64T technology from Intel. This system does not support processors of other manufacturers, and also does not work with the Intel Itanium processor. Although the first 64-digit processors appeared in 2003, Windows XP Professional X64 Edition was published only in April 2005. The main advantage of the system is fast work with large numbers (Long Integer and Double Float). Thus, this system is very effective, for example, when performing calculations using floating points needed in areas such as the creation of special effects for films and three-dimensional animation, as well as the development of technical and scientific applications. This system supports mixed mode, that is, the simultaneous operation of 32- and 64-bit applications, however, all the drivers must be in a 64-bit execution. This means that most 32-bit applications can work in this system. The exception is only those applications that are highly dependent on computer hardware, such as antiviruses and defragmenters.
Windows XP 64-bit Edition вЂ” This edition was designed specifically for workstations with an IA-64 architecture and Itanium microprocessors. This edition of Windows XP is no longer evolving since 2005, after HP stopped developing workstations with Itanium microprocessors. Support for this architecture remained in the server versions of the Windows operating system.
Windows XP Edition N is a system without Windows Media Player and other multimedia applications. These versions are created under pressure from the European Antimonopoly Commission, which demanded to вЂњeaseвЂќ Windows XP. Currently, this distribution is designed for developing countries. If desired, the user can download all missing applications from the Microsoft website for free. There is both in Home and Professional versions.
Windows XP Starter Edition is a strongly functionally limited version for developing countries and financially weak regions. In this version, simultaneous work is possible only 3 applications, and each application can create no more than 3 windows. There are no network functions in the system, high resolution is not supported, and the use of more than 512 megabytes of RAM or hard disk with a volume of more than 120 gigabytes is not allowed. The system can operate on Intel Celeron or AMD DURON processors.
Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs - A stripped-down version of Microsoft Windows XP Embedded Service Pack 2 designed for legacy computers.